In the field of modern medical surgery, Laparoscopy has made a great impact both on surgeons and patient. The development and advancement brought in the laparoscopic surgery in recent years has made surgical procedures far more easier and convenient to many general surgeons as well as patients. During laparoscopic surgery, a small incision of the size of about half an inches are made and thin plastic tubes are inserted through this incisions. A laparoscope (which has camera mounted on its tip) and other surgical instruments are inserted through the ports, allowing the surgeon to see and operate the patients. In India, laparoscopy is still in its initial stages, but are getting popular rapidly. There are many laparoscopic surgeon in cities like Mumbai, Delhi and Bangalore, who are trained from western countries like USA and UK. If you are residing in India and are about to undergo surgery through laparoscopy, you must know and learn about the laparoscopic surgery first. If you have adequate knowledge about laparoscopic surgical procedures, you won’t go through many mental trauma and anxiety that most patients goes through before their operations.
Laparoscopic Surgery – How is it Performed?
Laparoscopic surgical procedures are performed with the help of camera’s and small surgical instruments. Small incisions of about half-inch are made generally in the abdomen of the patients. A laparoscope which has a video camera mounted is inserted through this incision. The camera transmits images of the organs inside the patient’s abdomen on the monitor screen. This allows surgeons to directly see the insides of patients abdomen without making and large incision as done in most open surgery. In laparoscopic surgery, the video camera serves as the surgeon’s eyes, allowing him to perform certain surgical operations with ease. Patients who undergo laparoscopy are not allowed to drink for about eight hours before surgery. It is usually done with the use of general anaesthesia, so patients can stay awake if they were injected with spinal or local anaesthetics. After the procedure, the surgeons close the abdominal incisions they made using a few stitches.
Thermometer is a very simple device that is widely used across the world. The basic purpose of any thermometers is to measure the temperature of an object. There are different types of thermometers that are used for different purposes, for e.g clinical thermometers are used to measure body temperature of human and animals, while oven thermometers are used to measure temperature of the food. A thermometer comes from a Greek word that “thermo” that means warm and meter to “measure”. All thermometers have 2 important elements: a sensor that measures temperature and other is a scale or calibration where temperature readings are shown. Thermometers nowadays have became very advanced and it uses electronic means to provide digital display of temperature reading. Forehead thermometers and Ear thermometers are among the modern thermometers that measures body temperature of kids without they even noticing it.
Thermometer Types and Uses
Mercury thermometers: Mercury glass thermometers uses mercury to measure change in temperature. Mercury thermometers are no longer recommended as many cases were reported where glass were broken and mercury were spilled out. Mercury is harmful to our health and hence many governments prohibit the use of mercury thermometers.
Forehead thermometers: Forehead thermometers measures infrared energy radiated from the forehead. This energy is collected through the lens and converted to the correct temperature value. They are particularly useful in taking temperature of small kids who generally does not allow taking temperature through orally or axially.
Refrigerator thermometers: They are used to check internal temperature of refrigerators and coolers. Temperature range for refrigerator thermometers is from -40°F to 80°F.
Bimetallic Stemmed thermometers: They are used to check the internal temperature of food. Temperature range of 0°F to 220°F.
Infrared thermometers: Infrared thermometers take surface temperature. They are generally used to take temperature where taking temperature directly is not possible, for e.g. temperature of hot furnace or temperature of moving objects. These thermometers take temperature very fast.
Thermocouple: They are used to check temperatures with probes to measure the temperature of liquids internal temperature of food and also surface temperature.
Oven thermometers: They are used to measure temperature inside the oven. Though most ovens already have features where it displays the internal temperature but they are mostly inaccurate. Oven thermometers have temperature range of 150°F to 600°F.
In the ancient history, sewing using hands has been an art well known to many. This eventually was taken by few practitioners as hobby especially to those that use the machine for domestic duties. Doing this effectively demands a quality and reliable machine that can support ones sewing tasks efficiently. The modern sewing machine has brought a new social transformation of the 21st century that turned India into a society where majority of Indians believe themselves to be from the middle class section of the society. Through stitching using sewing machine in the early 20th century, many Indians earns their livelihood and raise their family and kids. This blog post highlights some of the importance of sewing machines in India.
Sewing machines in the initial days were only manufactured for only factory production, they were not meant for home use. These sewing machines were heavy and bulky. But this sewing machine played an important role in developing Indian industry during 19th century. The very early sewing machine has only one thread and a hooked needle for chain stitch. Later an American name Walter Hunt invented straight seam sewing machine which paved the way in the manufacture of industrial sewing machine.
Today determining the best sewing machine might be the most challenging task due to differences in tastes. This implies that what is best to me may not really be the best to another person. On the same note, what is suitable for a beginner may not be fit for an experienced person. This is purely determined by the volume of work to be performed by the machine and the quality of the output expected. However, there are basic features that are common to all good machines which this article describes which can suit the needs for both the beginner and the veteran tailor or a dress maker.
The use of prefabrication in construction industry is not new, but is been used since early 19th century. In prefabrication the components are build inside the factory or in some cases in temporary plants. These components are transported to the site location where they are assembled together to form the complete building or structure then assembled on the site location to form the whole building. With the use of prefabrication its been said that the construction projects are completed much faster compare to traditional building methods at the site location. Also since most of the components are build inside the factory in a controlled environment, it gives higher quality and makes maintenance easy and manageable. The popularity of the prefabrication has increased after the first world war. As there was a huge demand for homes that need to build quickly and also at cheaper rater. The prefabrication process were mostly used in United States, Europe and also in Asian countries like India.
Porta cabin is another thing which is gaining popularity in construction industries. Though porta cabin or portable cabin is widely used in construction sectors, its application is not limited to provide mere temporary accommodation. Modern portable cabins are used as site office cabin, public toilets, security cabin, bunk houses, changing room, shops, cafeteria and public booth. Many governments also use portable cabins for providing shelters to police force and government staffs. Portable cabins also provide perfect solution to ever increasing needs for space for schools and universities. Portable cabins can be easily customized to be used as classroom and rooms for teachers and students. Most modern Portable Cabin Manufacturer provides amenities such as air conditioning system, electrical socket connections and running hot water for daily use. In the events of natural disaster, these portable cabins are also used for providing temporary accommodation to thousands of people who have lost their homes.
Technology helps in improving the standard of our day to day life. It also makes our life much easier and allows us to spend more times on ourselves rather than on work. Today’s technology has opened the door of many opportunities for us. The rise of internet has made it much easier to find out things, communicate with others and do research without facing much difficulties. Think about the early centuries, how much difficulties those people would have been facing without electricity, television and transportation. Imagine yourself what would have happen if you could travel back in time and find yourself in small Indian village.
Things would be so difficult, if you were in the 12th century, how would you cook your favorite food without oven or microwave?. How would people eat their food without spoons and fork. Also think about the transportation with no cars and trains. The only transportation available at that time was horse and camels. Technology has made open education possible, through television and internet distance education has now become possible. A huge number of students can now learn through this facilities and make their career.