The use of prefabrication in construction industry is not new, but is been used since early 19th century. In prefabrication the components are build inside the factory or in some cases in temporary plants. These components are transported to the site location where they are assembled together to form the complete building or structure then assembled on the site location to form the whole building. With the use of prefabrication its been said that the construction projects are completed much faster compare to traditional building methods at the site location. Also since most of the components are build inside the factory in a controlled environment, it gives higher quality and makes maintenance easy and manageable. The popularity of the prefabrication has increased after the first world war. As there was a huge demand for homes that need to build quickly and also at cheaper rater. The prefabrication process were mostly used in United States, Europe and also in Asian countries like India.
Porta cabin is another thing which is gaining popularity in construction industries. Though porta cabin or portable cabin is widely used in construction sectors, its application is not limited to provide mere temporary accommodation. Modern portable cabins are used as site office cabin, public toilets, security cabin, bunk houses, changing room, shops, cafeteria and public booth. Many governments also use portable cabins for providing shelters to police force and government staffs. Portable cabins also provide perfect solution to ever increasing needs for space for schools and universities. Portable cabins can be easily customized to be used as classroom and rooms for teachers and students. Most modern Portable Cabin Manufacturer provides amenities such as air conditioning system, electrical socket connections and running hot water for daily use. In the events of natural disaster, these portable cabins are also used for providing temporary accommodation to thousands of people who have lost their homes.